Surgery (surgical procedure)
Surgery is a medical specialty that uses operative manual and instrumental techniques on a patient to investigate and/or treat a pathological condition such as such as osteosynthesis to knit broken bones back together again. Increasingly, these days, surgeons use the latest techniques, such as lasers, endoscopy (use of an optical instrument) or even robots. In spite of all this, traditional methods such as plaster casts and splints continue to be used where appropriate.
A surgeon treats disorders or injuries using surgical interventions
An act of performing surgery may be called a "surgical procedure", "operation", or simply "surgery". In this context, the verb "operate" means to perform surgery. The adjective "surgical" means pertaining to surgery; e.g. surgical instruments or surgical nurse. The patient or subject on which the surgery is performed can be a person or an animal. A surgeon is a person who practices surgery and a surgeon's assistant is a person who practices surgical assistance. A surgical team is made up of surgeon, surgeon's assistant, anesthesia provider, circulating nurse and surgical technologist. Surgery usually spans minutes to hours, but it is typically not an ongoing or periodic type of treatment.